When Do We Need Our Neighbours?

Fall 2011/2012 @ Berlage Institute Rotterdam
First year postgraduate program
01 November 2011 / 26 June 2012

This first-year postgraduate research studio investigates and designs the anarchistic city, a city without governance and collectivity, a city without rules. In this city, how is energy distributed? How are the roads made? Where are they if they exist? How about education? Sports? The studio will investigate the ultimate anarchistic situation and when and where it goes wrong. It is simulated as an interactive generative process on the base of abstract model city and applied on a real city that is growing in density in time. In order to investigate the relationship between density and anarchy, the studio will create a simulative game. – When do we need our neighbors?

It is 2011. Internet and infrastructure have brought access to all sources, everywhere. Welfare and equal education have given people more abilities to articulate themselves and voice their opinions. “We can do it ourselves” has become almost a collective slogan. A new and almost complete individualism is appearing and this sentiment also extends to the realm of planning. Skepticism toward central planning has grown enormously and big plans have become suspicious due to expanded budgets of some projects. Planning? We can do ourselves. Top down? My ass!

But how far can this new individualism go? When does it go wrong? When do we need specialists? When do we need neighbors? And for what reason? If an area becomes dense than maybe the heat pumps start to interfere, but when does that happen? And we wonder the same thing about solar panels. When do we create shadow for our neighbors?  And with water? What happens if the neighbor puts poison in the water? And traffic? When does someone need to do  something about traffic jams? And what about sports halls? And these speculations only continue.

Watch the videos of the studio in the output section of this website.


Prof. Winy Maas, Felix Madrazo, Daliana Suryawianata, Jeroen Zuidgeest, Adrien Ravon



Mochammad Yusni Aziz, Taesan Choi, Claudio Cuneo, Ryuho Hosawa, Yi-Lin Liang, Piya Limpiti, Andres David Lopes Rincon, Polpat Nilubon, Olivia Marra, Hiroki Muto, Olga Sankova, Gi Son, Jorgen Tandberg, Kangsuo Tang, Onur Can Tepe, Valerie van de Velde, Jiayi Wang, Miao Zhang

Guest Critics

Jean Louis Cohen, Vedran Mimica, Bea Ramo, Bernd Upmeyer, Henk Ovink


Berlage Institute, Adri Duivesteijn, Michelle Provoost, Lieven de Cauter, Lars Lerup, Mirta de Mare