4 min city

Designing with Speed and Direct Accessibility

Fall 2011/2012 @ TU Delft
MSc 1/2 / AR1TWF010
05 September 2011 / 25 January 2012

This studio imagines a city that is built upon speed and direct accessibility and supply. Can we develop a city that is entirely devoted to fast transit of people and goods? What systems and what architecture allow high-speed traveling and a smart circulation of goods? How can the positioning of program and its architecture contribute to direct accessibility or the desire for a minimum travel time? What can we say about safety issues? Is traveling with a speed of 400 km/h in a neighborhood safe? Can we make it safe? How can architecture anticipate in this?

The 4’ City studio explored different modes of traveling by which people and goods achieve mobility. Transportation modes fall into one of three basic types, depending on over what surface they travel – land (road, street, rail and pipelines), water, and air. This studio looked into the different modes of traveling as for example walking, biking, car-driving, mass-transportation. Each travel mode serves different functions with varying frequencies, distances, speeds and stopping patterns.

This studio focused on innovation on various transportation techniques and their supportive infrastructure.

Students were asked to conceptualise and construct various city models with a maximum travel time of 4 minutes, from and to any location in the city. Each student limited his/her focus on a single way of transporting people throughout the city.


Prof. Winy Maas, Tihamer Salij


Alexia Symvoulidou


Rohan Varma, Stavros Gargaretas, Harish Ramakrishnan, Yinglin Cao, Martina Lucchese, Dwi Nugroho, Alan Sillay, Wentao Bi, Cheng Su and 27 students from the Faculty of Industrial Design TU Delft (elective course)

Guest Critics

Ben Immers, Bart Egeter, Elmer van Grondelle, Ernie Mellegers


TU Delft Faculty of Industrial Design, Automotive Design, Elmer van Grondelle